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Planning tips

A sauna is more than just a sweat chamber: it is a sanctuary of well-being, an oasis of relaxation, a fountain of health ... While a certain amount of expertise is required to plan and implement such havens, here at Küng, we have dedicated experts that love what they do. With our professionals at your side, your dream sauna is virtually a reality. Here are the answers to the most frequently asked questions. We’ll go through the rest with you together...

Which rooms are suitable for installing a sauna?

A sauna can be installed in virtually any room: from a basement to an attic. Even rooms with special structural features such as beams, open fires, sloping ceilings or windows can be transformed into a sanctuary of well-being – after all, every Küng sauna is tailor-made. This means that the sauna adapts to your requirements, rather than the other way round. The only technical requirements are a water supply, a high-voltage power supply, and the possibility of having a well-ventilated room. If there is no space available indoors, an outdoor sauna can be installed in the garden or on the patio: in the summer house, garden house or shed – Küng Sauna will always find a winning solution.

How much room do I need to install a sauna?

The average size of a private sauna is around 2.2 x 2.0 m – but other dimensions are also possible. Custom designs are standard at Küng Sauna. Maximum well-being can also be achieved in the smallest of spaces, for example with our Infraflex® Trias model. Trias offers maximum well-being in a minimum of space.

What structural requirements need to be taken into account when installing a sauna?

Ideally, the room in which the sauna is to be installed should be 20 cm higher than the sauna cabin itself. If the technology and mains connections are to be placed above the sauna, there should be a gap of at least 40 cm between the top of the sauna and the ceiling. The floor in particular plays an important role: it must be level and able to be cleaned with water. Natural stone, ceramic tiles, linoleum or paint in particular are ideal; sealed or oiled wooden or cork flooring will also suffice. Furthermore, a power and water supply is also necessary for installing a sauna. Naturally, any given situation on site can be optimised before a sauna is installed.

Which elements should be included?

Usually, a public sauna comprises the following elements: a changing area and washroom facilities, sauna cabins, cooling showers (or plunge tubs etc.) and a relaxation area. Besides the sauna, a shower and relaxation area are often enough in a private sauna. Everything else is a bonus in terms of comfort – and optional rather than obligatory.

What do I need to look out for when purchasing a sauna?

Energy savings play a key role – not only in protecting the environment, but also in keeping the running costs of a sauna as low as possible. That’s why Küng saunas have a multilayer construction and an insulated cabin shell, which stores heat and distributes it evenly throughout the interior. To keep energy consumption to a minimum, Küng has refined its heater technology to reduce the heating time of the sauna significantly. Also, to ensure optimum energy efficiency, considerable emphasis has been placed on heat insulation and the right choice of wood.

Does glass affect the climate in a sauna?

While glass has a low heat storage capacity, sauna wall glazing barely affects the climate in a sauna. Multilayer wall constructions made of wood and insulating materials compensate for the loss of heat through the glass fronts. We therefore recommend always choosing a healthy glass to wood ratio in a sauna. For wood contributes substantially to a pleasant climate.

What considerations must be made when it comes to sauna technology?

The heater is the centrepiece of any sauna and should thus be given due attention during the planning phase. The right choice and placement of heater is crucial to achieving the desired sauna effect – as is an intuitive, easy-to-operate sauna control panel. Depending on the area of application, size of the sauna and situation, a number of service, design and operating solutions are possible. Modern sauna control panels regulate temperature consistency, humidity, light levels and colours as well as other types of therapy. They also offer additional convenient features such as pre- and remote selection or control via other mobile devices such as mobile phones or tablets.

What type of ventilation is required in a sauna?

As a rule, incoming air enters the sauna via the gap in unsealed glass doors. In a private sauna, outgoing air is directed back into the room. This must therefore always be well ventilated. The type of ventilation required depends on the situation. Sometimes an additional ventilation system is necessary.

Which type of wood provides the best sauna climate?

Visual appearance is one aspect – when choosing the wood for the interior of a sauna, you should pay close attention to the wood’s characteristics. For it is important that heat and moisture are not lost through the sauna wall and ceiling elements. Resinous polar pine is particularly good in this respect due to the quality of the wood: its exceptional fibre density and stability as well as its unrivalled, decades-old resin aroma make near-knotless polar pine one of Küng’s favourites. Knowledge of the specific properties of various types of wood defines the quality, lifespan and character of a sauna. Hardwood is also becoming increasingly popular in saunas, for example light-coloured, smooth aspen wood and fine alder wood.

What are the ideal layout and characteristics for sauna benches?

Sauna benches must be comfortable and hygienic. That’s why for its benches, Küng Sauna uses European softwood such as aspen and alder, which is knot-, resin- and splinter-free yet optimally able to cope with a high level of humidity and high fluctuations in temperature. When designing the layout, benches can be arranged in a wide variety of ways. A corner connection, however, is the most ideal solution: not only is it more conducive to communication, it also makes best use of the available space.

What do I need to consider when planning an outdoor sauna?

In Finland, saunas are typically found outside, directly leading out into nature. A garden or rooftop sauna is therefore ideal. In Switzerland, a simplified process is applied for obtaining planning permission. Depending on ground conditions, by design, a concrete slab or strip foundation must be created, along with the plumber’s metalwork for the sauna roof. An outdoor sauna also requires a weatherproof exterior, a lockable door, a water supply and a power line.

What warranties do I have when purchasing a Küng sauna?

As a sauna manufacturer, Küng Sauna grants the following warranties for installations and equipment that have proven to be properly maintained: 10-year warranty on sauna cabins, 5-year warranty on sauna heaters, 2-year warranty on control units, heating elements and other technical equipment.

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